Coccidiosis of domestic food animals in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Abdul-Razak Mohammed Raji Animal Health and Production College, Pong - Tamale, Ghana
  • Papa Kofi Amissah-Reynolds Department of Biological Sciences Education, Faculty of Science Education, Akenten Appiah-Menka University of Skills Training and Entrepreneurial Development, Asante Mampong, Ghana
Keywords: Prevalence, Coccidia infection, Eimeria infection, Fecal floatation, Meta-analysis

Abstract

A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on coccidiosis in domestic food animals in Africa spanning the period from 2002 to 2022 was done with the objective of identifying the distribution of studies on the infection and aggregation of prevalence of the parasite in the study animals. A total of 43 articles met the eligibility criteria for inclusion in the review. These include 16 studies on cattle, 9 on sheep, 7 on goats, 2 on pigs and 18 on poultry. The results revealed pooled data from 8,717 cattle, out of which 3,211, representing 36.84%, were positive for coccidiosis. In sheep, a total of 1,916 samples were pooled, out of which 895 representing 46.71%, were positive for the disease. In goats, 2,148 samples were pooled, out of which 1,316, representing 61.26%, were positive for the disease. Two studies gave a total of 610 samples in pigs, out of which 78, representing 12.78%, were positive for coccidiosis. In poultry, 7,261 samples were pooled, out of which 2,894, representing 39.86%, were positive for coccidiosis. There were however, no significant differences in prevalence between the five species. The concentration method of ova and parasite examination was the commonest method of isolation of Eimeria identified in the current review. In conclusion, Eimeria infection is high in food animals in Africa. Therefore, to tackle the disease, there is a need for a concerted effort in the identification, diagnosis and general prevention and control of the disease.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10580171

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Published
2024-01-29
How to Cite
(1)
Raji, A.-R.; Amissah-Reynolds, P. K. Coccidiosis of Domestic Food Animals in Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. European Journal of Biological Research 2024, 14, 1-12.
Section
Review Articles