Broad antibacterial spectrum of endophytic fungi isolated from halophyte Suaeda fruticosa in Algeria

  • Sadrati Nouari Department of Biology, Faculty of Nature, Life and Earth Sciences and the Universe, University Mohamed El Bachir El Ibrahimi Bordj BouArreridj, 34000, Algeria
  • Amina Zerroug Department of Biology, Faculty of Nature, Life and Earth Sciences and the Universe, University Mohamed El Bachir El Ibrahimi Bordj BouArreridj, 34000, Algeria
Keywords: Suaeda fruticosa, Antimicrobial activity, Endophytic fungi, Fusarium sp.


The purpose of this work was to isolate and evaluate the antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi isolated from Suaeda fruticosa. Endophytic isolates were identified at the genus level. The genera Fusarium (33.33%), Phoma (26.67%), Penicillium (13.33%), and Aspergillus (13.33%) were more prevalent, while Trichoderma genus (6.67%) was less common. The isolated fungal endophytes were screened for their potential antifungal and antibacterial activities. Most isolates showed different levels of inhibitory activity against at least one of the pathogens. The best inhibition percentages were those obtained by Penicillium sp. 1; 74, 71, 65, and 47% against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. albedinis, Fusarium oxysporum f.p. ciccri, Fusarium solani var. coeruleum and Phytophthora infestans respectively. Regarding antibacterial activity, the zones of inhibition ranged from 0 to 25.5 mm. Fusarium isolates and Phoma sp. 4 showed the greatest antibacterial activity, the highest activity was observed with Fusarium sp.5 and Fusarium sp. 1, which gave zones of inhibition of 25.5 and 22.5 mm respectively against B. cereus ATCC 10876. Gram-positive bacteria were more sensitive to endophyte isolates than Gram-negative bacteria. From the results of the present work, it is possible to conclude that endophytic fungi isolated from Suaeda fruticosa could be a promising source of bioactive compounds and deserve further study.



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How to Cite
Nouari, S.; Zerroug, A. Broad Antibacterial Spectrum of Endophytic Fungi Isolated from Halophyte Suaeda Fruticosa in Algeria. European Journal of Biological Research 2022, 12, 216-227.
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