Study of variation in petal number and relative abundance of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. flowers

  • Sandip Pal Department of Zoology, Barrackpore Rastraguru Surendranath College, 85, Middle Road, Barrackpore, North 24 Parganas, West Bengal - 700120, India
Keywords: Night-flowering jasmine, Flower, Petal number, Relative abundance

Abstract

The flowers of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. have a wide spectrum of biological activities. The current study encompasses the variation in petal number and relative abundance of night-flowering jasmine flowers. The observed petal number of this flower ranges from four to nine. The most abundant variety is the flowers with six petals, which comprises 60.69% of the total number of flowers counted. The four and nine-petalled flowers are extremely rare making only 0.02% each. This study represents the statistical data obtained directly from the observed natural phenomenon. However, this short communication warrants further investigation to evaluate the correlation of petal numbers of the flowers with other physico-chemical or environmental parameters.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3237138

References

1. Gadgoli C, Shelke S. Crocetin from the tubular calyx of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis. Nat Prod Res. 2010; 24(17): 1610-1615.

2. Rani C, Chawla S, Mangal M, Mangal AK, Kajla S, Dhawan AK. Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. (Night Jasmine): A sacred ornamental plant with immense medicinal potentials. Indian J Tradit Knowl. 2012; 11(3): 427-435.

3. Khatune NA, Mosaddik MA, Haque ME. Antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis flowers. Fitoterapia. 2001; 72(4): 412-414.

4. Wagh AE, Yeotkar US, Nimbhorker MG, Deshmukh TA, Patil VR. Hepatoprotective activity of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis. Oriental Pharm Exp Med. 2010; 10(2): 111-115.

5. Pandey RS. Anti-oxidant activity of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. Asian J Pharm Life Sci. 2012; 2(2): 360-364.

6. Vankar PS. Antioxidant activity of the flower of Nyctanthes arbor tristis L. Int J Food Eng. 2008; 4(8): doi: 10.2202/1556-3758.1437

7. Rathee JS, Hassarajani SA, Chattopadhyay S. Antioxidant activity of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis leaf extract. Food Chem. 2007; 103(4): 1350-1357.

8. Karnik SR, Tathed PS, Antarkar DS, Gidse CS, Vaidya RA, Vaidya ADB. Antimalarial activity and clinical safety of traditionally used Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. Indian J Tradit Knowl. 2008; 7(2): 330-334.

9. Das RK, Gogoi N, Bora U. Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Nyctanthes arbor-tristis flower extract. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2011; 34(5): 615-619.

10. Jamdagni P, Khatri P, Rana JS. Green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using flower extract of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis and their antifungal activity. J King Saud Univ Sci. 2018; 30(2): 168-175.

11. Monniaux M, Pieper B, Hay A. Stochastic variation in Cardamine hirsuta petal number. Ann Bot. 2016; 117(5): 881-887.

12. Acharya S. Prediction of rainfall variation through flowering phenology of night-flowering jasmine (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.) in Tripura. Indian J Tradit Knowl. 2011; 10(1): 96-101.

13. Tabaei-Aghdaei SR, Babaei A, Khosh-Khui M, Jaimand K, Rezaee MB, Assareh MH, Naghavi MR. Morphological and oil content variations amongst Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) landraces from different regions of Iran. Sci Hortic-Amsterdam. 2007; 113(1): 44-48.

14. Conner JK, Rush S. Effects of flower size and number on pollinator visitation to wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum. Oecologia. 1996; 105(4): 509-516.
Published
2019-05-31
How to Cite
Pal, S. (2019). Study of variation in petal number and relative abundance of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. flowers. Current Life Sciences, 5(1), 15-18. Retrieved from http://www.journals.tmkarpinski.com/index.php/cls/article/view/188
Section
Short Communications